The Deputy President of the Senate, Senator Ike Ekweremadu, has faulted the Independent National Electoral Commission, INEC, for declaring the Osun governorship election as inconclusive, saying the Commission was “descending into the arena”.
Ekweremadu also described the fast-declining independence of the election management body as well as vote-buying syndrome and misuse of security agencies as major problems ahead of the 2019 general elections.
He made the observations in Abuja on Tuesday when he received a joint high-level delegation of the International Republican Institute, IRI, and the National Democratic Institute, NDI, Washington DC, USA, which was on a preliminary visit to Nigeria ahead of its planned Joint International Elections Observer Mission during the 2019 general elections.
He said: “Prior to 2010 electoral reforms, INEC was barely independent. It was the 2010 Electoral Act and Constitution amendments that deepened the independence of the electoral body and strengthened the electoral system as evident in the 2011 and 2015 elections.
“Unfortunately, as we head towards 2019, there have been a lot of challenges, particularly the challenges of implementing the existing laws; and this has taken us back to where we were, instead of making progress.
“INEC needs to exercise the independence conferred on it by previous electoral reforms to be able to stand its ground, irrespective of whoever or whichever party that is in government, whether APC or PDP. It should not tend towards the government that is in power.
“Looking at Osun State, for instance, an election took place, somebody won from the results declared at the polling units, ward collation centres, local government collation centres, and the state collation centre. But contrary to the provisions of our electoral laws, INEC has asked the people to go back and repeat some of the elections. That is completely unacceptable.
“Ironically, just recently, we had instances where similar situations arose in both Kogi and Bauchi, among others, and winners were declared.
“Under our electoral legal regime, once results are declared, you cannot go back on it. It is only the tribunal that can order for election to be rerun, not the electoral commission. But now, INEC is descending into the arena.
Ekweremadu stressed the issues of vote-buying and abuse of security agencies: “One of the greatest challenges we have is the issue of vote buying, which was not in existence before now. Vote-buying emerged because the electoral reforms have tried to block a number of loopholes that have helped people to rig elections in the past.
“We are hoping to handle the issue legislatively and probably make it one of the reasons you can challenge an election at the tribunal and also put stiff penalties to ensure that this is discouraged. We are also looking at ways of addressing the issue through technology.
“The deployment of security personnel has been a major challenge because what we have experienced in the past few years is that they are often partisan. There are so many allegations of intimidation of voters and provision of cover for those buying and selling votes”, Ekweremadu added.
Speaking earlier, the leader of the 10-man delegation, Mr. Mvemba Dizolele, said the team was in Nigeria to witness the Ekiti and Osun elections and also consult with key stakeholders ahead of its Joint Observer Mission during the 2019 elections.
“We are here to watch the Ekiti and Osun elections, to consult with stakeholders to see what lessons we can take and where there are gaps, which we can improve ahead of the 2019 general elections”, Dizolele said.
Other members of the delegation include Robert Benjamin, Senior Associate & Regional Director for Central and East Europe, NDI; Sarah Jegede-Toe, Co-Chair, Liberia National Elections Commission; John Tomaszewski, Africa Division Director, IRI; Sentell Barnes, Program Director, IRI, Nigeria; and Raymond Esebagbon, Deputy Country Director, NDI, Nigeria.
Special Adviser (Media) to Deputy President of the Senate